Constitution was launched in 1797, one of six original frigates authorized for construction by the Naval Act of 1794 and the third constructed.Joshua Humphreys designed the frigates to be the young Navy's capital ships, and so Constitution and her sisters were larger and more heavily armed and built than standard frigates of the period. Navy were to provide protection for American merchant shipping during the Quasi-War with France and to defeat the Barbary pirates in the First Barbary War.
If that doesn't work, email us at [email protected] we can help.Constitutions stated mission today is to promote understanding of the Navy's role in war and peace through educational outreach, historical demonstration, and active participation in public events as part of the Naval History & Heritage Command. In 1793 alone, 11 American ships were captured and their crews and stores held for ransom.To combat this problem, proposals were made for warships to protect American shipping, resulting in the Naval Act of 1794.Joshua Humphreys' design was unusual for the time, being long on keel and narrow of beam (width) and mounting very heavy guns.The design called for a diagonal scantling (rib) scheme intended to restrict hogging and sagging while giving the ships extremely heavy planking.In 1934, she completed a three-year, 90-port tour of the nation. Navy personnel, and the assignment is considered to be special duty in the U. She is usually berthed at Pier 1 of the former Charlestown Navy Yard, at one end of Boston's Freedom Trail.She sailed under her own power for her 200th birthday in 1997, and again in August 2012 to commemorate the 200th anniversary of her victory over Guerriere. Navy ship, her crew of 60 officers and sailors participate in ceremonies, educational programs, and special events while keeping her open to visitors year round and providing free tours. In 1785, Barbary pirates began to seize American merchant vessels in the Mediterranean Sea, most notably from Algiers.This design gave the hull a greater strength than a more lightly built frigate.Humphreys' design was based on his realization that the fledgling United States could not match the European states in the size of their navies.Each commanding officer outfitted armaments to his liking, taking into consideration factors such as the overall tonnage of cargo, complement of personnel aboard, and planned routes to be sailed.Consequently, the armaments on ships changed often during their careers, and records of the changes were not generally kept.s battery of guns typically consisted of thirty 24-pounder (11 kg) cannons, with 15 on each side of the gun deck.